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Top 10 Illnesses in the Philippines, learn how to stay away from them

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ACCORDING TO the study done in 2002 by the Department of Health (DOH), the top ten illnesses in the Philippines are the following:

  1. Pneumonia - a serious infection that affects the lungs wherein the oxygen will have difficulty reaching the blood. If there is too little oxygen in the blood, body cells cannot work properly. As a result, infection will spread.

  2. Diarrhea - the passage of loose and watery bowels (more than 3 bowel movements per day) often associated with air presence in the stomach, ballooning of stomach, and abdominal pain, and accompanied by sickness such as vomiting and fever.

  3. Bronchitis - blowing up of the bronchi-air passages that extend from the windpipe to the lungs. The swelling may be caused by viruses, bacteria, smoking, chemical pollutants, and dust.

  4. Influenza - flu, or influenza, is a highly contagious acute respiratory illness caused by the Influenza virus.

  5. Hypertension - highlood pressure, if uncontrolled, causes damage to various organs in the body resulting to other diseases.

  6. TB Respiratory - Tuberculosis or TB is a disease caused by a bacteria that enters the body, usually the lungs, and make a person sick by damaging the tissues that it reaches.

  7. Heart Disease - any disorder that affects the heart such as cardiac disease, congenital heart disease, coronary artery disease, heart attack, and heart failure.

  8. Malaria - an infectious disease caused by parasites that can be transmitted by mosquito bites or by a contaminated needle or transfusion. Any person can acquire malaria usually between dusk and dawn because the kind of mosquito that carries the parasites is active during night time.

  9. Chickenpox - is highly infectious where the virus spreads from person to person by direct contact or through the air by coughing or sneezing. It takes from 10-21 days after contact with an infected person for someone to develop chickenpox.

  10. Measles - a serious and highly contagious virus-led disease characterized by fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and a spreading skin rash. Measles is a potentially disastrous disease.

Sources: DOH website http://www2.doh.gov.ph/common_disease/main.htm; http://www.medterms.com

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